Do not dry the caps and electrodes with a blow dryer. These devices can be hotter than one would assume. While the electrodes can sustain some heat, the caps can be quickly damaged with a hairdryer. Although the cap appears only warm to the touch, it can be locally overheated. This damages the Elastan-component and shortens the lifetime of the caps. Instead after drying with a towel place them on a rack or something similar. Again, pay attention to the splitter box: no remaining moisture from the electrodes should be able to run down the cables into the splitter box.
Simply washing and drying the caps will be sufficient for most applications. However, it can occur that your institution and/or the participant population make cap and electrode disinfection mandatory. There are different solutions.
All disinfectants will act aggressively on the Elastan-components of the cap fabric, so it is surely worth choosing a disinfectant as mild as possible to rubbers, soft plastics, etc.
On the other hand, even an aggressive disinfectant will not destroy the cap within a few applications; however, it will accelerate the aging of the fabric. The good news here is that electrodes and holders remain in good working order and only the fabric of the cap must be exchanged.
The electrodes can handle more aggressive disinfectants. Still, they can get damaged if they are left in any disinfectant for a very long time. Soaking them over night is not a good idea – doing so every night can destroy them in a couple of weeks.
A good way to choose a disinfectant is to look for products with the description “disinfectants for instrument disinfection with corrosion inhibitor”. For example, the disinfectant we recommend for Germany contains Cocospropylendiaminguanidiniumacetat and Didecyclox-etylmethylammoniumproprionat as active agents. Many of our US customers use Metricide or Envirocide without any major complaints.
Another note on ‘visual‘ cleanliness: lack of bleaching components and the frequent encounter of facial makeup leads to stained caps. Some hospitals use bleaching disinfectants and people complain that the disinfectant we recommend does not make things nice and white again.